Diabetes what food to avoid
This Article is about Diabetes what food to avoid
Foods are considered highly processed when they have undergone industrial processing and contain many ingredients, including additives.
This applies, for example, to most ready-to-reheat dishes, sodas, vegetable “steaks” reconstituted with additives and snacks in general.
They are generally higher in salt, saturated fat and sugar but low in vitamins and fibre, according to researchers. In addition, there are contaminants from packaging and plastic containers.
Increased risk of type 2 diabetes
The work published Monday focuses on type 2 diabetes (nearly 90% of cases), which is often associated with obesity and lifestyle, unlike type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune disease.
They were conducted on 104,000 participants in the vast French study NutriNet-Santé, set up in 2009 to study the links between nutrition and health.
According to this work, “the greater the proportion of ultra-processed foods in the diet, the higher the risk of type 2 diabetes”.
It cannot be said with certainty that the increased risk of diabetes comes only from highly processed foods: it may be linked to other parameters, such as physical activity, although the researchers have made statistical corrections to limit this type of bias.
Another limitation is that the term “highly processed” includes very different foods, according to scientists who did not participate in the study.
However, “the associations observed (between these foods and the risk of diabetes) are strong enough to justify further research to understand why,” says Professor Gunter Kuhnle of the University of Reading (England).
A previous instalment of NutriNet-Health, published in May, showed that consumption of highly processed foods was associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
Spanish and American studies have also found an association between highly processed foods and increased risk of mortality.